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Rugby is a sport that originated in England in the early 19th century. The game evolved from a variety of different sports, including football and soccer. The first recorded game of rugby took place in 1823 at the Rugby School in Warwickshire, England. The game was played between two teams of 20 players each, and the object was to carry the ball across the opponent's goal line.

Over time, the rules of rugby were standardized and the game grew in popularity. In 1871, the Rugby Football Union (RFU) was formed in England, which helped to codify the rules of the game and establish a national championship. The first international rugby match was played in 1871 between England and Scotland, and in 1886 the first international rugby tournament, the Home Nations Championship, was established.

Rugby continued to grow in popularity around the world, and in 1900 it was included as a sport in the Olympic Games. However, rugby was only played in the Olympics for two Games, in 1900 and 1908, before being dropped from the program due to a lack of standardization in the rules.

In the early 20th century, rugby was introduced to other countries, including Australia and New Zealand, where it quickly became a popular sport. The first rugby test match between Australia and New Zealand was played in 1903, and the two teams have been fierce rivals ever since.

During the 20th century, rugby continued to grow in popularity around the world. In 1987, the first Rugby World Cup was held in New Zealand and Australia, and it has since become one of the largest sporting events in the world. The tournament is held every four years and attracts millions of viewers from around the world.

Today, rugby is played by millions of people in countries around the world. The sport has continued to evolve over time, with changes to the rules and advancements in training and equipment. In addition to the traditional 15-player version of the game, there are also variations such as sevens rugby, which is played with seven players on each team, and touch rugby, which is a non-contact version of the sport.

Overall, rugby has a rich and fascinating history, and it continues to be a beloved sport around the world. From its humble beginnings at the Rugby School in England to its status as a global phenomenon, rugby has come a long way and shows no signs of slowing down.